Editor’s note: The following homiletical help is adapted from Concordia Journal, January 2006. By Arthur F. Graudin Textual Considerations For the Apostle Paul the proclamation of the gospel was not a basis for boasting on his part but ανάγκη, a matter of necessity, constraint, obligation. “He is under divine constraint which he cannot escape” (TDNT, I, 340). ..
Textual Considerations The number seven (ἑπτὰ) has been understood to denote completeness. Interpreters differ, however, as to whether the “seven spirits” in verse 4 signify the Holy Spirit and provide a reference to the Holy Trinity. Louis A. Brighton agrees with the Trinitarian understanding in his commentary on Revelation. For a helpful discussion of the ..
By Arthur F. Graudin Textual Considerations The text—God’s word to his people through the prophet Isaiah—contains a number of key words that point to significant concepts in Israel’s history. The Hebrew word יצר (v. 16) is used in our text to refer to the activity of a potter. In Genesis 2:7 the verb describes the ..
Textual Considerations John 14:1–14 serves as the gospel for the previous Sunday, the fifth Sunday of Easter. While John 14:15–21 is the gospel for the sixth Sunday of Easter, the words of Jesus have their setting in the pre-Passion days of our Lord. This study follows the text of NTG and treats the verb τηρήσετε ..
By Dr. Arthur F. Graudin Textual Notes Genesis 1:1 through Genesis 11:1–9 has been referred to as “primeval history.” According to the Hebrew, Genesis 11:1–9 forms a textual unit. The text refers to the time after the Flood when “the whole world had one language and the same words” (ESV). After the Flood, God (Elohiym) ..
By Arthur E. Graudin, Textual Considerations: The words “judges each one according to each one’s deeds” (1:17) (ESV) are a reminder of the final judgment described by Jesus in Matthew 25:31-46. Good deeds do not earn salvation but are the evidence of faith. The words εv φοβω (1:17) have been translated “with fear” (ESV), “in fear” ..
By Arthur F. Graudin, The Introit for the Day in the Altar Book, LSB reminds the worshippers that the One who is the subject of the day’s worship is “the King of Glory.” “The King of Glory” is identified as “the Lord of hosts”—who is in charge of human and angelic armies, the sun, the moon, ..